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The thymus is an organ located just behind the central breast bone (sternum) in the front part of the chest. It is in a part of the chest known as the anteriormediastinum, the space in the chest between the lungs that also contains the heart, part of the aorta, the esophagus (the tube that connects the throat to the stomach), part of the trachea (windpipe), and many lymph nodes. The thymus sits just in front of and above the heart.
The thymus is special in that, unlike most organs, it is at its largest in children. Once you reach puberty, the thymus starts to slowly shrink and become replaced by fat. Fortunately, the thymus produces all of our T cells by the time we reach puberty.
The thymus produces and secretesthymosin, a hormone necessary for T cell development and production. It helps the body protect itself against autoimmunity, which occurs when the immune system turns against itself.
Thymus Surgical Treatment
Whenever conceivable, surgery is used to treat thymus cancers. If you have thymus cancer, one of the first things your thymus cancer surgeon in Delhi will do is to try to fathom if the cancer is totally re-sectable (removable) with operation. Imaging tests are used in this process. The most common surgery for thymus tumors is complete amputation of the thymus gland (including any tumor). This is named as thymectomy. In maximum circumstances, the surgery is done via a median sternotomy. This is an incision (cut) down the mid of the chest that splits the sternum (breast bone) and permits the entire thymus and tumor to be removed.
The doctor will also try to confiscate any zones of tumor spread outside the thymus. So, if the tumor has grown into adjoining structures, the surgeon at a thymus cancer hospital in Delhi might need to confiscate portions of those structures too. This could mean confiscating portions of the pleura (tissue coating the lung), pericardium (the sac encompassing the heart), nerves, the superior vena cava (a big vein leading to the heart) and/or lung. Conceivable complications depend on the degree of the surgical thymus cancer treatment in Delhi and your health in advance. Serious issues can consist of too much bleeding, wound infections and pneumonia.