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NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER TREATMENT
Surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and targeted treatments—alone or in combination
Most stage I and stage II non-small cell lung cancers are treated with surgery to remove the tumor. For this procedure, a surgeon removes the lobe, or section, of the lung containing the tumor.
We use video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) for removal of tumor. For this procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision, or cut, in the chest and inserts a tube called a thoracoscope. The thoracoscope has a light and a tiny camera connected to a video monitor so that the surgeon can see inside the chest. A lung lobe can then be removed through the scope, without making a large incision in the chest.
Chemotherapy And Radiation
Meant particularly for patients with stage II and IIIA disease. Also given to patients with non-small cell lung tumors that can be surgically removed, evidence suggests that chemotherapy after surgery, known as “adjuvant chemotherapy,” may help prevent the cancer from returning.
In patients with stage IIIB lung cancer (which cannot be removed surgically), we recommend chemotherapy in combination with definitive (high-dose) radiation treatments. Patients with stage IV lung cancer, chemotherapy is the mainstay treatment, and radiationis used only for palliation of symptoms.
SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER
Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy
Chemotherapy is the mainstay treatment of small cell lung cancer, regardless of stage. Radiation can be used for small subset of patients. For people with limited-stage small cell lung cancer, combination chemotherapy plus radiation therapy given at the same time is the recommended treatment. The most commonly used initial chemotherapy regimen isetoposide plus cisplatin.
For people with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer, chemotherapy alone using the EP regimen is the standard treatment. However, another regimen that may be used is carboplatin plus irinotecan.
Radiation therapy of the brain may be used before or after chemotherapy for some people whose cancer has spread to the brain.
A very small percentage of people who have limited-stage small cell lung cancer and no lymph node tumors may benefit from surgery, after which adjuvant chemotherapy is given.
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer Surgery
Cancers of the lung are separated into stages. A staging system permit lung cancer surgeon in Delhi to develop treatment strategies and a precise prognosis. The site and stage of a tumor in the lungs decide if it is operable or not. When lung cancer surgical treatment in Delhi is an option, it is generally followed by supplementary treatments in both small-cell and non-small-cell lung cancers (SCLC & NSCLC).
Surgery as the best lung cancer treatment in Delhi confiscates the malevolent portion of the lung via an incision in the chest. There are three sub-classifications of this procedure executed at a lung cancer hospital in Delhi. A 'segmentectomy' only confiscates the malignant lung tissue and a modest quantity of nearby healthy tissue. A lobectomy confiscates the whole lobe of a lung. There are two on the left side and three on the right, so these organs will endure to operate. Surgeons at a lung cancer specialist hospital in Delhi confiscate the whole lobe to guarantee the cancer is totally removed. In extreme circumstances, a 'pneumonectomy' is implemented to take out an entire lung. Lungs function at a abridged capacity after this non-small cell lung cancer surgery
A thoracotomy leaves the chest region sore for a lengthy time and chest pipes will be inserted to drain the accumulation of blood and liquid. The liquid is suctioned by a machine and drained to vessels. Chest pipes are taken out when the drainage stops. Although the pipes are often removed in a week, it takes numerous weeks to recuperate from this process. Respiratory therapists work with post-op patients to mend lung function. Approaches include deep breathing workouts and medicines to open the airway. Supplementary care might be required for a lobectomy. Studies have revealed that surgery upsurges survival rates, but problems such as bleeding or continuing pain is there. Before endorsing surgery as an option, a patient's lung function and overall cardiac health are gauged.